Most people consider consent to be a straight forward concept. Parties voluntarily agreeing beforehand to the actions taking place between them sounds simple enough, right? Unfortunately, life – and more specifically, the state – has a way of overcomplicating situations.

After a long battle for secession, Catalonia – the eastern most region of Spain – officially declared independence this week, sending most of Europe into a political frenzy. Unsurprisingly, the story has many questioning the rationales and legitimacy behind a

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